Cyphotilapia frontosa
Frontosa Cichlid

    Cyphotilapia frontosa, Frontosa Cichlid

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  • Max Size:

    14.0"

  • Temperament:

    Semi-aggressive

  • Water Temperature:

    75 - 78°F

  • Diet:

    Carnivore

  • Min. Tank Size:

    125 Gal

  • Description:

    The Cyphotilapia Frontosa is amongst the most well-known cichlids from Lake Tanganyika. This is primarily because of their outgoing and relatively mild mannered trait. They are native to the deeper waters of Lake Tanganyika and can be found in a variety of color strains depending on the region of the lake they from.

    Frontosa Cichlids are generally characterized by their bold color pattern of white or blue (depending on the strain) body with 6 or 7 black, vertical bars. Adult Frontosa develop a huge cephalic hump, usually more noticeable among males. Frontosa Cichlid fins grow with age. Male Frontosa can grow to be as large as 14" in length and when provided with proper living conditions, their life span can reach 25 years.

  • Compatibility:

    This species of African cichlid is not generally very aggressive. They do best when kept in colonies of Frontosa or with other African cichlids of similar size and temperament. It is not recommended to keep Frontosa Cichlids with other overly active or aggressive fish like Mbuna. Some compatible species include larger, less aggressive Haplochromis like the Blue Dolphin, or the Star Sapphire cichlid, or larger peacocks like the Red Top Lwanda.

  • Tank Requirements and Feeding:

    The optimal aquarium environment for Frontosa Cichlids should include several rocks that can act as caves and passageways. This is important for these territorial cichlids to get their personal space and feel a sense of security. Water conditions should be similar to the hard alkaline waters of their natural habitat of Lake Tanganyika. The water temperature should be between 75 - 78°F with a pH between 7.8 - 8.6. Additives like Cichlid Lake Salt and Tanganyika Buffer will condition the aquarium water for African cichlids. A tank size of at least 125 gallons is recommended for a colony of several Frontosa.

    When it comes to their diet, Frontosa can be feed them smaller feeder fish (either frozen or live), shrimp, mysis, worms, or krill. Pellets can also be good food source, but avoid flakes when their length reaches 4-5". Flakes might then get ignored by the larger sized and could promote poor water conditions.

  • Breeding:

    This species of African cichlid is sexually monomorphic making it difficult to distinguish a female from a male Frontosa. However, males typically have bigger humps, and their overall size is usually larger than females. Even with those differences, the best way to determine the sex of a specimen is to vent it.

    Frontosa cichlids are mouthbrooders. The female Frontosa can lay and hold up to 50 eggs in her mouth, and carry them for roughly 30 days. While the female is protecting the eggs, remove the males from the tank to avoid the risk of them eating the eggs and fry. Since the fry can be so big, they can be easily fed with finely crushed flakes or newly hatched brine shrimp.